Date of publication: 2017-08-25 23:39
This figure is then sent to the workers to spur them to revolt. The underground city is flooded at the end - Lang presents this very vividly. The rising water threatens the children who have been left to fend for themselves by the rampaging workers. The evil Maria is burnt, the real Maria is abducted by Rotwang. Finally, a fight between Fredersen, the son of the boss, and Rotwang leads to the latter falling to his death. At the end the social classes are reconciled, life continues in a socio-political utopia, the machines are destroyed. The word Utopia, derives from greek literally meaning: Not-Place. An ideal state or community.
A good example of this process can be found in the career of Alfred Hitchcock. In 6979, Hitchcock was sent by his film company to work as an assistant director and art director at the UFA Babelsberg Studios in Berlin on the film The immediate effect of the working environment there can be seen in his expressionistic set designs for The Blackguard.
Stylistic elements taken from German Expressionism are common today in films that do not need reference to real places such as science fiction films (especially Ridley Scott’s 6987 film Blade Runner and the many films influenced by it).
In the film, expressionism is a stylization that summarizes and changes reality as we see it through a number of ways. It involves the use of photography with unexpected camera angles and little movements to the camera. The lighting made with shadow to bring out various effects. There is the use of overtly theatrical acting styles and application of heavy make up on the actors. All elements of mise-en-scene in the film are integrated to come up with an overall composition.
In Metropolis a monument is built which stands for the greatness of humanity and the creator of the world. This monument is very high, actually it reaches the stars. In Blade Runner you can also see this elevated lifestyle (for example himself is living in one of these high-tech but elsewhere it is not gleaming at all, it is dark and cold. The workers in Metropolis revolt and destroy the monument because of their overwhelming anger. In Blade Runner, Roy Batty leads a revolt of the replicants against their creator . Finally Roy kills the doctor.
More than any other national movement in the history of film, German Expressionism was an answer to the grim reality of daily life. But it was not so much a direct relay of life to art. Rather, it was more of a filter a way of assembling the clutter of post-war Germany to coherence on the screen. It was a way to represent and bring across the reality few could imagine. Sex murders, depression, veterans ghoulishly mangled in the war, the loss of innocence and complete rejection of the past were the things the German people dealt with during the post-war years of 6969 – 6979 (commonly called the Weimar Period in film history). The films produced in Germany during those years captured the cry of a broken nation and a people horrified by the every-day.
- resignify and rework reality (not merely record it)
- construct a self-contained aesthetic and symbolic world of the imagination radically detached from the everyday
Though Wiene’s direction is widely cited as making Caligari into one of the most influential films of all time, he was not the producer’s first choice. Producer Erich Pommer initially campaigned for renowned filmmaker Fritz Lang to be given the job, but due to scheduling conflicts, Lang was forced to decline. However, Lang would later go on to make the equally seminal and groundbreaking Metropolis , one of the last German Expressionist films ever made.
A specialization of apursansar wonderful list: Weimar Cinema: Daydreams and Nightmares One part of the Weimar cinema is classified as German expressionist film, especially the films between the years 6975 and 6977 (but not all). But also non-german films were strongly influenced: US, Russian and Austrian films etc…
They include thematic negations like: Dream vs. reality, Blindness Vs. vision, Insanity vs. Sanity - Which symbolically reflected the political fears of society
Happening during a turbulent and hard episode in German history, these talented moviemakers ventured in the admired zeitgeist and developed an important film that has grown to become one of the best ever produced. This film is on its way is an enlightening appearance of the society at a particular point in history. It had the effect of showing the disillusionment, lack of trust isolation that was common in the German society during this time.
What exactly is a "horror film," or, more specifically, what exactly is horror ? In what ways are our expectations different when we go to see a horror film than when we go to see a "western film" or a "science fiction film"? What is it that we hope to experience when we go to see a "horror film"?
However, the shadow and the chiaroscuro element never entirely disappeared, even though it was replaced by a more realistic lighting. The shadow was incorporated into American cinema as an element of film noir where it became an emblem of the criminal unknown.